Tsunami Research Papers

Tsunami Research Papers-76
For example Harold Loomis was with the Mathematics Department.Subsequently in 1965, Gaylord Miller, Gordon Groves, Lester Spielvogel and Jim Larsen joined the Group.Additional Pacific- wide tsunamis that struck the Hawaiian Islands in 1952, 19, were investigated by the U. Doak Cox, then employed at the Sugar Planters Research Facility transferred to the University.

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Charles Mader was with the Los Alamos Laboratory, but was an active participant in the U. The scope of the early research at JTRE in Hawaii - was as diversified as the background and expertise of the scientists in the program.

For example, Harold Loomis published a number of papers on the hydrodynamics of long period waves, their normal modes of oscillation in confined bays and harbors, the effects of resonance on long wave amplification and on the spectral analysis of tsunami records.

Francis Shepard from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Gordon Mcdonald, and Doak Cox from the University of Hawaii participated in the initial survey and wrote an extensive report on the tsunami and its impact. Following the devastating May 22, 1960 tsunami from Chile, the State of Hawaii provided funds for a program of tsunami investigations at the University.

began at the University of Hawaii after the April 1, 1946 tsunami struck the Hawaiian Islands and caused many deaths and extensive destruction. Coast and Geodetic Survey and University of Hawaii scientists, who documented wave height distribution and impact, mainly in the Hawaiian Islands.

On October 13 and 19, 1963, two Saturdays apart, the Honolulu Observatory (HO) of the U. Coast and Geodetic Survey (USCGS), issued tsunami warnings for earthquakes off Hokkaido, Japan.

No tsunamis of significance occurred in Hawaii and the public perceived that the tsunami warnings were faulty.The University’s newly established Computing Center occupied a wing of the 3rd floor.A fishing boat from Alaska, the “Neptune”, was purchased and equipped to conduct the offshore seismic surveys for a MOHOLE site and other oceanographic investigations.Finding the thinnest part of the earth's crust to drill the MOHOLE became one of the major research projects.The Geology, Oceanography and Geophysics Departments came under the umbrella of HIG at that time.In 1965, an agreement was reached between the University of Hawaii and the U. Coast and Geodetic Survey (USCGS) to form the Joint Tsunami Research Effort (JTRE).Additional funding was provided by the State and the USCGS to continue the on-going tsunami research at HIG and to support the cooperative effort by bringing in new people.He brought with him geophysicists, graduate students and the contracts he had with the Office of Naval Research (ONR) to continue his investigations of the MOHOLE project.[HIG later evolved into HIGP, a branch of SOEST.] "MOHOLE", and in competition with the then Soviet Union, was the race to drill through the earth's crust to the mantle and determine its consistency and possibly determine the earth's and our solar system's evolution.There was a great deal of criticism in the press about the inconvenience and there was growing pressure to improve the existing U. Tsunami Warning System, administered by the Honolulu Observatory (now known as the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, or PTWC).In 1964, the construction of the Hawaii Institute of Geophysics (HIG) building was completed at the University of Hawaii campus in Manoa Valley. George Woollard arrived from the University of Wisconsin to assume the HIG Directorship.


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