The Tempest Essay On Caliban

The Tempest Essay On Caliban-51
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He frees a spirit named Ariel from a spell and in turn makes the spirit his slave. These two slaves, Caliban and Ariel represent the theme of nature verses nature.

Caliban is considered the illustration of the wild, a beast of nature.

Caliban : Caliban is the beast-like slave of the magician Prospero.

Before the time of the play, Prospero and his daughter Miranda took Caliban, the illegitimate son of a witch and a devil, into their home and taught him to speak and function as a human, but his response was to attempt to rape the girl.

Caliban grumbles all the time at his servitude; he resents Prospero deeply and eventually leaves him for another master, and plans to murder him, although he is foiled in this.

Ariel appears to be far more highly valued as a servant by Prospero than is the savage Caliban, but Ariel, too shows some signs of discontent with his servitude, reminding Prospero quite forcefully at one point of Prospero's promise to free him.

At the play's close a chastened Caliban declares, 'I'll be wise hereafter, And seek for grace' (5.1.294-295) as part of the general reconciliation engineered by Prospero. He is a 'monster' (2.2.66), a 'moon-calf (2.2.107), a 'born devil' (4.1. Because his father was a devil, Caliban is supernatural like Ariel, but unlike that airy spirit, he has no supernatural powers.

He is more like a debased human than like any other supernatural creature in Shakespeare.

However when Prospero is annoyed by this, he quickly apologises.

Caliban frets constantly at being kept under, while Ariel generally puts up with it.


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