Social Stratification Essay

The behaviour of Indian political system clearly bears the influence of caste based social stratification of society…

It is therefore essential for us to understand the nature of social stratification in general and social stratification in India in particular.

Every society has always been a stratified society.

Social stratification characterises each society and it has been a universally present feature of all human societies.

However, the nature and basis of social stratification differs from society to society.

For example, while in some societies, like the Indian society, the basis of stratification has been caste, in most of the Western societies it has been class.Stratification divides the society in several levels/groups/classes which are considered essential for systematisation of social living.By it every person and every group in society gets a particular position in the social system.Societies are divided into hierarchical groups in a way that though various groups are considered unequal in relation to each other yet within one group, members are viewed as equals.It will be an ideal society where all members are equal.An unstratified society with total and real equality of its members is a myth that has been not yet realized.Various social scientists have given their respective views about social stratification.Social Stratification is a system of structured roles and statuses which rates and ranks members of a society based on select criteria and limits access to wealth, power, privileges and opportunities.However, it must be clearly understood that social stratification does not mean the classification individuals on the basis of their qualities.Income, occupation, education and hereditary status are some of the most common criteria for ranking in social hierarchy.Wealthy families have not only money but also social prestige.

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