Our cognitive development is dependent on the environment and civilization in which we are reared (“Nature vs. Bandura’s social learning theory states that aggression is a characteristic that we learn through observation and imitation.
Our cognitive development is dependent on the environment and civilization in which we are reared (“Nature vs. Bandura’s social learning theory states that aggression is a characteristic that we learn through observation and imitation.Tags: Frederick The Great EssayResearch Paper On Food SecurityEssay About SurvivalRpi DissertationsEssays Conclusion MotivationWith All Respect Essayist
Nativists, those who believe that every characteristic we have is determined only by nature, assume that the characteristics of the human species as a whole are simply a product of evolution and that the things that make us unique are a result of our own specific genetic code.
They believe that the characteristics that are not observable at birth, such as personality traits, emerge later as the product of maturation.
Other traits to which we can be genetically predisposed include weight, height, life expectancy, hair loss, and vulnerability to certain illnesses (Mc Leod 2007).
Because these characteristics can be definitively connected to our biology, many speculate on whether or not genetic factors can contribute to behavioral tendencies, mental abilities, and personality traits.
Alcoholism, for example, can recur in families and it has been found that certain genes may influence the development of alcoholism and the way alcohol effects the body.
Alternatively, to nativists, empiricists believe that the human mind is a blank slate at birth and any characteristics we develop are a result of our experiences and environment.With point of view speculates that psychological characteristics and our behavioral tendencies are things we learned during our development.While the concept of maturation applies to the biological development we experience, any psychological growth is a result of the way we are brought up.An example of this would be the way infants form attachment.The formation of attachment is a direct result of the love and attention a child receives.John Watson, one of the most well-known psychologists to propose environmental learning as the dominating factor in the nature versus nurture debate, feels that our behavioral traits are purely a result of our surroundings and experiences.He felt that he could condition a new behavior in a child or alter an already existing behavior that is considered to be unfavorable (Sincero 2016).Likewise, Chomsky believed that language is learned through the use of an innate language acquisition device that all humans are born with (Mc Leod 2007).In addition, Freud speculated that traits like aggression are engrained in our DNA.Science tells us that certain traits are most definitely attributed to genetic causes.Our eye color, skin pigmentation, and certain diseases like Tay-Sachs or Huntingdon’s chorea are all direct results of the genes we inherit from our parents.