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We encourage submissions from authors representing the various aspects of the uses of assistance animals.
Subjects may include but are not limited to: a human-animal studies perspective on the roles of assistance animals, studies on the efficiacy and outcomes of using assistance animals, legal and regulatory perspectives, relevant experiences of veterinarians and human health professionals, and handlers’ experiences as well as case studies.
In the European Union, vertebrate species represent 93% of animals used in research, and 11.5 million animals were used there in 2011.
By one estimate the number of mice and rats used in the United States alone in 2001 was 80 million.
The practice is regulated to varying degrees in different countries.
It is estimated that the annual use of vertebrate animals—from zebrafish to non-human primates—ranges from tens to more than 100 million.
Animal rights organizations—such as PETA and BUAV—question the need for and legitimacy of animal testing, arguing that it is cruel and poorly regulated, that medical progress is actually held back by misleading animal models that cannot reliably predict effects in humans, that some of the tests are outdated, that the costs outweigh the benefits, or that animals have the intrinsic right not to be used or harmed in experimentation.
The terms animal testing, animal experimentation, animal research, in vivo testing, and vivisection have similar denotations but different connotations.