Problem Solving Assessments

Problem Solving Assessments-42
Early work (see, e.g., Dörner, 1980) used a simulation scenario called “Lohhausen” that contained more than 2000 variables that represented the activities of a small town: Participants had to take over the role of a mayor for a simulated period of 10 years. The simulation condensed these ten years to ten hours in real time. Construct validity of complex problem solving: a comprehensive view on different facets of intelligence and school grades. doi: 10.1016/j.intell.20 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Kretzschmar, A., and Süß, H.-M. A study on the training of complex problem solving competence.

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Psychometric issues such as reliable assessments and addressing correlations with other instruments have been in the foreground of these discussions and have left the content validity of complex problem solving in the background.

In this paper, we return the focus to content issues and address the important features that define complex problems.

For example: in a match-stick arithmetic problem, a person receives a false arithmetic expression constructed out of matchsticks (e.g., IV = III III).

According to the instructions, moving one of the matchsticks will make the equations true. doi: 10.1037/a0017815 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Ramnarayan, S., Strohschneider, S., and Schaub, H.

Numerous articles on the subject have been published in recent years, documenting the increasing research activity relating to this field.

In the following collection of papers we list only those published in 2010 and later: theoretical papers (Blech and Funke, 2010; Funke, 2010; Knauff and Wolf, 2010; Leutner et al., 2012; Selten et al., 2012; Wüstenberg et al., 2012; Greiff et al., 2013b; Fischer and Neubert, 2015; Schoppek and Fischer, 2015), papers about measurement issues (Danner et al., 2011a; Greiff et al., 2012, 2015a; Alison et al., 2013; Gobert et al., 2015; Greiff and Fischer, 2013; Herde et al., 2016; Stadler et al., 2016), papers about applications (Fischer and Neubert, 2015; Ederer et al., 2016; Tremblay et al., 2017), papers about differential effects (Barth and Funke, 2010; Danner et al., 2011b; Beckmann and Goode, 2014; Greiff and Neubert, 2014; Scherer et al., 2015; Meißner et al., 2016; Wüstenberg et al., 2016), one paper about developmental effects (Frischkorn et al., 2014), one paper with a neuroscience background (Osman, 2012), papers about cultural differences (Güss and Dörner, 2011; Sonnleitner et al., 2014; Güss et al., 2015), papers about validity issues (Goode and Beckmann, 2010; Greiff et al., 2013c; Schweizer et al., 2013; Mainert et al., 2015; Funke et al., 2017; Greiff et al., 2017, 2015b; Kretzschmar et al., 2016; Kretzschmar, 2017), review papers and meta-analyses (Osman, 2010; Stadler et al., 2015), and finally books (Qudrat-Ullah, 2015; Csapó and Funke, 2017b) and book chapters (Funke, 2012; Hotaling et al., 2015; Funke and Greiff, 2017; Greiff and Funke, 2017; Csapó and Funke, 2017a; Fischer et al., 2017; Molnàr et al., 2017; Tobinski and Fritz, 2017; Viehrig et al., 2017). Predicting complex problem solving and school grades with working memory and ability self-concept.

In addition, a new “Journal of Dynamic Decision Making” (JDDM) has been launched (Fischer et al., 2015, 2016) to give the field an open-access outlet for research and discussion. doi: 10.1080/02601370.2015.1060024 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Meißner, A., Greiff, S., Frischkorn, G.

This paper aims to clarify aspects of validity: what should be meant by the term CPS and what not?

The concept was introduced in Germany by Dörner and colleagues in the mid-1970s (see Dörner et al., 1975; Dörner, 1975) for the first time. doi: 10.1026/0033-3042/a000108 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Mainert, J., Kretzschmar, A., Neubert, J.

The German phrase was later translated to CPS in the titles of two edited volumes by Sternberg and Frensch (1991) and Frensch and Funke (1995a) that collected papers from different research traditions. doi: 10.3200/JOER.101.2.113-125 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Leutner, D., Fleischer, J., Wirth, J., Greiff, S., and Funke, J. Analytische und dynamische Problemlösekompetenz im Lichte internationaler Schulleistungsvergleichsstudien: Untersuchungen zur Dimensionalität.

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