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Along with this, there has been a significant shift in thought about the potential for persons with SMI to be "rehabilitated" toward lifestyles that more closely approximate those of persons without such illness.A central issue is the ability of a person to hold a regular full-time job for a sustained period of time.
Original models of vocational rehabilitation were based on the idea of sheltered workshop employment.
Clients were paid a piece rate and worked only with other individuals who were disabled.
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This paper describes the psychosocial effects of a program of supported employment (SE) for persons with severe mental illness.
The SE program involves extended individualized supported employment for clients through a Mobile Job Support Worker (MJSW) who maintains contact with the client after job placement and supports the client in a variety of ways.These are relatively new and field evaluations are rare or have only recently been initiated (Cook and Razzano, 1992; Cook, 1992).Most of the early attempts to evaluate such programs have naturally focused almost exclusively on employment outcomes.Sheltered workshops tended to be "end points" for persons with severe and profound mental retardation since few ever moved from sheltered to competitive employment (Woest, Klein & Atkins, 1986).Controlled studies of sheltered workshop performance of persons with mental illness suggested only minimal success (Griffiths, 1974) and other research indicated that persons with mental illness earned lower wages, presented more behavior problems, and showed poorer workshop attendance than workers with other disabilities (Whitehead, 1977; Ciardiello, 1981).Horizontal rules signify the top and bottom edges of pages.For sample references which are not included with this paper, you should consult the Because word processor copies of papers don't translate well into web pages, you should note that an actual paper should be formatted according to the formatting rules for your context.Note especially that there are three formatting rules you will see in this sample paper which you should NOT follow.First, except for the title page, the running header should appear in the upper right corner of every page with the page number below it.Second, paragraphs and text should be double spaced and the start of each paragraph should be indented.Third, horizontal lines are used to indicate a mandatory page break and should not be used in your paper.