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The rest of the work is divided into four books, as follows.Locke begins his exploration of human knowledge by refuting a widely held belief of his time.
The variation is evident with a concrete word like "gold," but it's even greater when abstract concepts like "justice" or "frugality" are discussed.
By keeping this in mind, he contends, we can avoid many of the difficulties that arise in communication.
It's probable because reputable historians say so and nobody has an obvious reason to lie about such a thing.
It can't be "certain knowledge," however, because nobody alive in Locke's time can remember the events of that long-ago era.
Locke is unconvinced by the idea that names reflect the true essence of things.
Instead, he asserts, words reflect people's attempts to group things together based on their similar traits.
opens with two letters, the first of which is to the book's dedicatee, Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, a leading English politician of his day.
The second addresses the reader directly, and offers a defense of the book and its arguments from various perspectives.
He argues that there are no ideas in the human mind—none that people bring into the world at birth.
Instead, he says, the mind is initially a blank slate, and ideas are imprinted on it only through experience.