History Research Paper Sample

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The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order. They were recruited by advertisement in a newspaper and were paid $4.50.

Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room.

Can people be ordered to act against their moral convictions?

The experiment will test whether a person can keep administering painful electric shocks to another person just because they are ordered to do so.

Introduction The melamine controversy that erupted during the last quarter of year 2008 brought people’s attention back to the debates between breastfeeding and the use of breast milk substitutes like commercial infant formula.

This wasn’t the first time that infant formula had caused illnesses and even deaths to infants worldwide - hence the continuous campaign of World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF along with other breastfeeding advocates, for mothers to breastfeed their children at least until 6 months of age.Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks.14 persons did not obey the experimenter and stopped before reaching the highest levels.In a survey, professionals such as doctors, psychologist and laymen predicted that a small proportion of a population (1-3%) would harm others if ordered to do so.In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to only have been “following orders". Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders?All 40 participants continued to give shocks up to 300 volts.Most of the participants became very agitated, stressed and angry at the experimenter.The conclusion is that, contrary to common belief, personal ethics mean little when pitted against authority.Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others.Once the 300-volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released.Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions.

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