Gilded Age Essay

Gilded Age Essay-31
To the immigrant the political machine seemed helpful, but the machines were actually what were keeping the new immigrant a low paid worker.

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The immigrants would become attached to the political machine, then be forced to work hard f!

or low wages and still have to vote for their political machine.

By the twentieth century, the rise of big business and the large migration of Americans from the countryside to the cities caused a shift in political awareness, as elected officials saw the need to address the growing economic and social problems that developed along with the urban boom. Progressives believed that the government needed to take a strong, proactive role in the economy, regulating big business, immigration, and urban growth.

These middle-class reformers hoped ultimately to regain control of the government from special interests like the railroads and trusts and pass effective legislation to protect consumers, organized labor, and minorities.

The Tweed Ring bribed new immigrants with liquor and money for votes.

It also encouraged judicial corruption and controlled New York politics.The Gilded Age and the first years of the twentieth century were a time of great social change and economic growth in the United States.Roughly spanning the years between Reconstruction and the dawn of the new century, the Gilded Age saw rapid industrialization, urbanization, the construction of great transcontinental railroads, innovations in science and technology, and the rise of big business.Political machines grew with the rise of immigration and they thrived off the unskilled, cheap worker.Machines like Tammany Hall were filled with corruption because of politicians like Boss Tweed and the Tweed ring.Mechanization and marketing were the keys to success in this age: companies that could mass-produce products and convince people to buy them accumulated enormous amounts of wealth, while companies that could not were forced out of business by brutal competition.Railroads were the linchpin in the new industrialized economy.During the Gilded Age, urbanization and immigration, impacted the economic, social, cultural, and political structures of the United States.Since the beginning of the Gilded Age, urbanization and immigration, had affected American politics.The intensity of the elections also helps explain why Congress passed so little significant legislation after the Reconstruction era: control of the House of Representatives constantly changed hands between the Democrats and the Republicans with each election, making a consensus on any major issue nearly impossible. Powerful political “bosses” in each party coerced urban residents into voting for favored candidates, who would then give kickbacks and bribes back to the bosses in appreciation for getting them elected.The increase in voter turnout was also partly the result of machine party politics, which blossomed in large U. Bosses would also spend money to improve constituents’ neighborhoods to ensure a steady flow of votes for their machines.


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