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Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of India after it gained independence.He previously was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian National Congress, having attracted the country’s intellectuals and youth into the mainstream of the movement.
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The quality in Gandhi that impressed the two Nehrus was his insistence on action.
A wrong, Gandhi argued, should not only be condemned but be resisted.
Their only child, Indira Priyadarshini, was born in 1917; she would later (under her married name of Indira Gandhi) also serve (1966––84) as prime minister of India.
In addition, Indira’s son Rajiv Gandhi succeeded his mother as prime minister (1984–89).
His descendants, including Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, and Rahul Gandhi, were also prominent Indian leaders. As a boy, he was homeschooled in India, mostly by a series of English governesses and tutors.
He continued his education in England, at the Harrow School in London and at Trinity College, Cambridge.
Earlier, Nehru and his father had been contemptuous of the run of contemporary Indian politicians, whose nationalism, with a few notable exceptions, consisted of interminable speeches and long-winded resolutions.
Jawaharlal was also attracted by Gandhi’s insistence on fighting against British rule of India without fear or hate.