For example, the rational approach, described below, is often used when addressing large, complex matters in strategic planning.
A major advantage of this approach is that it gives a strong sense of order in an otherwise chaotic situation and provides a common frame of reference from which people can communicate in the situation.
A major disadvantage of this approach is that it can take a long time to finish.
Some people might argue, too, that the world is much too chaotic for the rational approach to be useful.
It helps a great deal to verify your problem analysis for conferring with a peer or someone else.
If you discover that you are looking at several related problems, then prioritize which ones you should address first.
Consequently, when they encounter a new problem or decision they must make, they react with a decision that seemed to work before.
It's easy with this approach to get stuck in a circle of solving the same problem over and over again.
Your role in the problem can greatly influence how you perceive the role of others.
For example, if you're very stressed out, it'll probably look like others are, too, or, you may resort too quickly to blaming and reprimanding others.