Using obscure language can also take away from the clarity of your argument—you should consider this before you pull out that thesaurus to change that perfectly good word to something completely different.
In the process of writing an academic essay, you should always have your main argument in mind.
Grammar basics include verb and subject agreement, proper article and pronoun usage, and well-formed sentence structures.
Make sure you know the proper uses for the most common forms of punctuation.
Be mindful of your comma usage and know when a period is needed.
Finally, in academic essay writing, voice is important. Avoid transition words that don't add anything to the sentence and unnecessary wordiness that detracts from your argument.
You want to use the strongest research to back up your thesis.
Everything you include should have a clear connection to your topic and your argument.
One of the most overlooked areas of academic essay writing is the conclusion.
Your conclusion is what ties all your research together to prove your thesis.