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Executive Order 9066 implies that those ties and traditions to the former homeland must remain dormant and non-threatening until all danger of attack has passed and the U. However, Japanese Americans were interned under severe scrutiny — compared to the treatment of Italian Americans and German Americans, who also maintained Old Country ties with enemy nations.No less a threat than potential Japanese saboteurs, people with links to Germany and Italy received no harassment or inquisition equivalent to that suffered by people of Japanese ancestry.
Not only did former internees grieve for their children, the lost years, interrupted lives, and the humiliation of American-style concentration camps, but they also bore the burden of America's use of atomic force against Hiroshima and Nagasaki, two civilian cities where friends and relatives died cataclysmic deaths or survived under the threat of future cancers engendered by radiation.
As a depiction of coming of age, Farewell to Manzanar records one girl's efforts to reach womanhood with a strong sense of self.
Ko, the Wakatsuki black sheep, prefers autonomy in a land of promise to diminished status in Japan, where his father fell short of the Samurai status of Ko's grandfather.
Working the American dream to his benefit, Ko garners numerous skills — fishing, farming, denture and furniture making, orchard pruning, and translation.
Against the backdrop of incarceration, separation from father and, later, brothers and sisters, and enrollment in a school where the teacher pointedly ignores her, Jeanne experiences the usual insecurities and challenges that mold young children into sturdy adults.
Resilience and self-sufficiency, both major factors in her success, inspire numerous methods of passing time, coping with deprivation, and learning to live in crowded conditions with a severely dysfunctional family.Farewell to Manzanar is Jeanne Wakatsuki's memories of her experiences at Manzanar an interment camp for Japanese and Japanese-Americans in Owens Valley.During Word War II Japanese-Americans were relocated in Manzanar for their own protection but as the people in Manzanar said "if this is for our protection then why do they surround us in barb wire fences" they relocated Japanese-Americans because President Roosevelt singed a order which authorizes the War Department to remove people considered to be threats to national security.Jeanne was raised in the Long Beach area and thought that her heart was American.She had many experiences with life throughout her years in Manzanar and saw many things.She was a victim of racism in many ways and where you're from or your ancestry is not as important as where you were raised.Jeanne was from the Japanese ancestry and raised here where she considered her heart American and not Japanese.Japanese Americans, who were released 1,000 at a time from internment camps, crept back into freedom as veritable paupers, whipped in spirit and pocketbook.Their sons, many of whom returned from the war scarred by the experience or encased in coffins, received no accolades for unusually demanding service.When the war ended, Italian Americans and German Americans faced no great loss of home, possessions, income, or reputation.They returned to the mainstream of Caucasian America.