Increased military-diplomatic cooperation and enforced communication will boost the efficacy of the U. Beginning after Dayton in late 1995, the Implementation Force, which included 20,000 U. soldiers (“Operation Joint Endeavor”), enforced peace by preventing Muslims from settling in Serb-inhabited regions and protected Bosnian civilians from the hundreds of thousands of leftover mines (Phillips 25-26). In striking displays of trust, some Bosnians even offered refreshments to soldiers (21). American involvement in Iraq from 2003 to 2011 contrasts sharply with that in Bosnia.Tags: How To Solve Problems With Variables On Both SidesFinal Term Papers Virtual UniversityArt Of Problem Solving BookSociology Functionalism EssaysEssay For MbaShould Homework Be Banned EssaySample Transfer Essay
The United States Security Council was especially concerned about the chance that Iraq might use anthrax against its enemies.
Additionally, there was concern over oil in the land, how Iraq had taken oil from neighboring countries, and if that oil could be kept from Western countries.
On an afternoon in mid-July of 1995, at the height of the civil war that had consumed Bosnia and Herzegovina for the past three years, Serb soldiers invaded the town of Srebrenica (Engelberg et al).
Within three days, the soldiers had murdered about eight thousand Muslim boys and men (Lockie and Rosen), throwing their bodies into mass graves (Bilefsky and Sengupta).
De-Baathification prolonged the potentially brief intervention for nearly nine years (“The Iraq War”), collapsing the government, exacerbating tensions, and growing insurgency ranks (Ricks 191). national security threats posed by the Bosnian branch of al-Qaeda (Holbrooke). The resulting Dayton Peace Accords ended the war, establishing territorial boundaries between the Muslim-Croat and Serb entities, proposing steps for Bosnia’s stabilization, and creating a new constitution based on “respect for human dignity, liberty, and equality” (“Dayton Accords”).
American intervention succeeded in Bosnia due to collaboration between diplomacy and the military and flopped in Iraq because of the absence of interagency cooperation in de-Baathification. The United States was galvanized into action in Bosnia by the Srebrenica massacre (Camiser et al. Without military enforcement, the Dayton Peace Accords would have been futile, as the possibility of tensions escalating into another war was substantial. Agency for International Development, American soldiers also worked on 126 reconstruction and community projects (31).Enforced consultation with members of other agencies before drafting potent orders is the only way to prevent a repeat of this situation.Weekly meetings between the leaders of the CIA, NSC, and State Department during high-risk developments would take the power out of the hands of individual people to self-assess their own judgement.Because he had no experience in the Middle East (Ferguson 144), it would have been prudent for him to consult with other senior officials.However, when drafting the order, he ignored the agencies with which consultation should have been obvious: the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the State Department, the Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (the precursor to the CPA), and the National Security Council (Ferguson 149, 152).By December 1995, however, American intervention had halted the Bosnian War, rerouting the country from violence to peace.Eight years later, the United States was faced with peacebuilding in Iraq, where it implemented de-Baathification to eliminate Iraqi President Saddam Hussein’s Baath Party from the government (Bremer, ). diplomats, particularly former Foreign Service civilian representative and staff assistant Richard Holbrooke, brought Balkan leaders to Dayton, Ohio in November 1995 for negotiations based on the peacebuilding principle of mediation (“Negotiating the Dayton Peace Accords”).The first and biggest reason for the Iraq War was for the United States and its allies to take out the cruel regime of Saddam Hussein.It was known that weapons of mass destruction existed in the country of Iraq.This war was different that any other war in the past in such that it could be seen on live television.The Bush Administration had a variety of goals and reasons for the Iraq War.