This stage is very important as it contributes towards realization of an identity, whereby, one goes through puberty and the need to establish boundaries. Adults are afraid of being turned down or their relationship breaking, therefore, long-term commitments are made. stagnation is a middle adult stage that entails, guiding the next generation, by either raising a family or contributing towards the society, hence resulting to a sense of productivity and accomplishment. despair is the final stage of development, which is accompanied by low productivity due to old age and retirement.
At this stage, people look back at their accomplishments and feel content.
They also learn risk taking in the process of learning, for instant, crossing the road alone or riding a bicycle without wearing a helmet.
A child may also develop a sense of frustration for not being able to achieve his goals.
In this stage, adolescents develop a sense of personal identity, while avoiding the dangers of diffusion and confusion.
Identity achievement is achieved when an individual recognizes his strengths and weaknesses and determines the best way to deal with them. Identity confusion ends as adults understand identities and fit in well socially.
However, in case of a negative outcome, an individual in this stage may consider his life as a waste, since he was not able to accomplish his goals.
Erikson’s theory stresses on our adaptive nature; however, it can also be considered vague regarding the causes of development.
Nevertheless, Eriksson’s theory does not apply to some cultures, as they do not acknowledge some of the stages.
In addition, women do not literally fit in Erikson’s model as it mainly focuses on the male gender.