Epenthesis Insertion

Epenthesis Insertion-9
Studies in Articulatory Phonology () have established that what sounds like insertion or deletion of a segment can actually be a side effect of gestural timing relations.When the gestures for adjacent consonants do not overlap, a vowel-like interconsonantal interval can result.To provide an example, epenthesis of a high vowel occurs in Turkish to repair illegal consonant clusters in codas.

Studies in Articulatory Phonology () have established that what sounds like insertion or deletion of a segment can actually be a side effect of gestural timing relations.When the gestures for adjacent consonants do not overlap, a vowel-like interconsonantal interval can result.To provide an example, epenthesis of a high vowel occurs in Turkish to repair illegal consonant clusters in codas.

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The inserted vowel in illegal coda clusters forms the nucleus of a syllable and allows the final consonant to be syllabified as a simple coda.

Turkish stress placement is generally word-final, and like underlying vowels, inserted vowels in coda clusters receive stress when they occur in the final syllable.

Coda-repairing vowels are also subject to vowel harmony.

The Turkish vowel inventory contains eight phonemes distinguished by [±high], [±back], and [±round]; all three features are relevant to harmony, which affects most suffix vowels.

The backness of harmonizing vowels in Turkish is determined by rightward spreading from the nearest vowel in the root.

The nearest root vowel also determines the roundness of high harmonizing vowels.

Like underlying vowels, epenthetic vowels are phonological objects, so they typically do not differ acoustically from underlyingly present vowels, and they generally participate in other phonological processes.

In particular, epenthetic vowels crucially participate in syllabification, since they repair illegal syllable structures ().

Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Middle of 16th century: via Late Latin, from Ancient Greek ἐπένθεσις (epenthesis), from ἐπεντίθημι (epentithēmi, “I insert”), from ἐπί (epi) ἐντίθημι (entithēmi, “I put in”), from ἐν (en, “in”) τίθημι (tithēmi, “I put, place”).

Studies in Articulatory Phonology (Browman & Goldstein, 1993) have established that what sounds like insertion of a segment can be a side effect of gestural timing relations.

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