Endangered Animals Essay

Endangered Animals Essay-71
The ESA was signed in 1973 by a conservative, pro-business, anti-regulation president, Richard M. It had been championed by several of Nixon’s senior staff, including his chief domestic advisor, John Ehrlichman—the Eagle Scout, outdoorsman, and avid bird watcher who would later serve prison time for his role in the Watergate cover-up.The ESA would be the last of the great environmental achievements of the Nixon Administration.At issue is how federal agencies are deciding to direct their limited resources toward recovering endangered species.

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Too often overlooked is the explicit opening phrase of Section 2(b): “The purposes of this Act are to provide a means whereby the ecosystems upon which endangered species and threatened species depend may be conserved…” These essential words express an overarching truth about endangered species—they are not arbitrary elements of nature that deserve our investment just because they exist.

Rather, they represent alarm bells that signal imbalance, degradation, or impending loss of our nation’s priceless natural ecosystems.

As Hardin phrased it half a century ago, we are “locked into a system of ‘fouling our own nest’ so long as we behave only as independent, rational, free-enterprisers.” During the five years immediately following Hardin’s essay, the United States established an extraordinary series of new agencies, federal laws, and regulatory procedures designed essentially to thwart the tragedy of the commons.

Chief among these actions were the formation of an Environmental Protection Agency and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, along with passage of the National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Water Act, Marine Mammal Protection Act, and arguably the most far-reaching of all—Endangered Species Act (ESA).

Practical amendments passed in 1978, 1982, and 1988 provided latitude for exceptions and permitting based on habitat conservation planning.

Like the original act, these amendments strongly affirmed the role of science in determining listing status and granting permits to “take” endangered species.

The ESA is at once both elegant and ambitious, committing the federal government to doing everything within its authority to prevent any species within U. jurisdiction from going extinct, as well as conforming to international restrictions on wildlife trade.

All key sections of the act are grounded in science.

(The requested 2019 budget for NASA alone is .9 billion, fully 70 percent higher than Interior’s entire budget.) Both the Obama and Trump administrations have advocated investing in sending humans to Mars, the cost of which is highly uncertain but sure to exceed 0 billion, and by some estimates could reach

Like the original act, these amendments strongly affirmed the role of science in determining listing status and granting permits to “take” endangered species.

The ESA is at once both elegant and ambitious, committing the federal government to doing everything within its authority to prevent any species within U. jurisdiction from going extinct, as well as conforming to international restrictions on wildlife trade.

All key sections of the act are grounded in science.

(The requested 2019 budget for NASA alone is $19.9 billion, fully 70 percent higher than Interior’s entire budget.) Both the Obama and Trump administrations have advocated investing in sending humans to Mars, the cost of which is highly uncertain but sure to exceed $100 billion, and by some estimates could reach $1 trillion over 25 years!

Comparisons such as this can be made over and over again across the entire federal budget.

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Like the original act, these amendments strongly affirmed the role of science in determining listing status and granting permits to “take” endangered species.The ESA is at once both elegant and ambitious, committing the federal government to doing everything within its authority to prevent any species within U. jurisdiction from going extinct, as well as conforming to international restrictions on wildlife trade.All key sections of the act are grounded in science.(The requested 2019 budget for NASA alone is $19.9 billion, fully 70 percent higher than Interior’s entire budget.) Both the Obama and Trump administrations have advocated investing in sending humans to Mars, the cost of which is highly uncertain but sure to exceed $100 billion, and by some estimates could reach $1 trillion over 25 years!Comparisons such as this can be made over and over again across the entire federal budget.First, available resources are constrained to remain tiny with respect to the overall need.Second, accurate data are available for all the variables feeding the algorithm.Exactly 50 years ago, University of California, Santa Barbara, ecologist Garrett Hardin popularized a crucial dilemma about how society manages shared resources.In a philosophical essay entitled “The Tragedy of the Commons,” published in the journal , Hardin’s now-famous paradigm imagined the example of a pastoral community where individuals graze their privately owned livestock on the public “commons.” Each owner can gain income by adding to the size of his herd, but ultimately this causes the entire commons to degrade and collapse from overgrazing. This conceptual dilemma applies generally to any resource-based system in which individuals acting selfishly can destroy the common good for everyone, by depleting or ruining the shared resource on which the whole community depends.Viewed under this light, the ESA represents an essential commitment by our federal government to safeguard—and as necessary, invest in, the commons.The ESA came under attack almost immediately, especially as the economic implications of protecting biological systems from rampant development became clear.

trillion over 25 years!

Comparisons such as this can be made over and over again across the entire federal budget.

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