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They're also trying to get home in time to cook dinner and watch the latest episode of their favorite TV show. The key to critical thinking is the idea of actively analyzing your own thought.I can't help with that last problem, but we can learn how to structure problems for students in a way that encourages the development of critical thinking. This process of thinking about thinking is known as metacognition and is a hallmark of critical thinking, which is exclusive to us humans. When crafting word problems to inspire critical thinking, it is vital that you use the right language.
Prompts for these questions: Explain how you prioritized issues in reaching a solution to, Discuss how you reached this answer compared to, Defend your solution from. Now her/his job is to understand the limitations of her/his answer, acknowledge alternatives, and develop an ongoing process to incorporate new information into her/his solution. By understanding these five steps we can learn how to craft word problems that spur critical thinking development.
We've reached the highest level of critical thinking. Bonus points for those of you who noticed elements of Bloom's taxonomy or Webb's depth of knowledge. Now we'll cover some examples of each level so you can see how the levels work.
Prompts for these questions: Discuss strengths and weaknesses, Compare and contrast, Identify and discuss.
This level is starting to require some serious critical thinking.
Since these questions are very simple and involve little cognitive challenge, they will be short and simple.
Example: List the steps involved in a bill becoming a law.
How you frame the question sets up how the student is going to think to come up with the answer.
There are five levels of complexity based on how you ask a question, going from least to most cognitively complex.
Here the thinker is given a set of guidelines and tasked with coming up with the proper answer after analysis.
After a solution has been formulated, communication is also a vital step. At this level it is assumed the thinker has gathered, compared, and interpreted relevant facts to develop and communicate a solution to the problem. Prompts for these questions: Describe the limitations of your proposed solution to, Explain the implications of your solution to, Establish a plan for monitoring your recommendation of, Examine how conditions might change over time for.