Critical thinking, on the other hand, involves examining possibilities carefully, fairly, and constructively—focusing your thoughts and actions by organizing and analyzing possibilities, refining and developing the most promising possibilities, ranking or prioritizing options, and choosing certain options. For example, the four digits 5881 yielded the following items: college, business, prepared, and peace.
Generating many possibilities is not enough by itself to help you solve a problem. Thinking with standards: Preparing for the future (Elementary ed.). The students combined these items to produce the sentence, Students developed the sentences individually and then worked in pairs to combine their sentences or to choose the best one for a presentation to the whole class. (Example contributed by Jennine Jackson, Teacher of the Gifted, Amphitheater School District, Tucson, Arizona, and Affiliate Director of the Arizona Future Problem Solving Program International) Return to Figure 1Hits and Hot Spots In a high school science class, the students worked on designing appropriate zoo habitats for several endangered species.
Kopcak (2007), for example, describes using the Brainstorming, Hits and Hot Spots, and Paired Comparison Analysis tools with high school seniors as they worked on the Virginia learning standard "The student will write documented research papers." The students began with a stack of blank sticky notes on which they wrote possible topics (one per sticky note). The family selected the five dogs that they wanted to consider, and writing the name of each breed dog in each row of the matrix under the options column heading.
After covering a chalkboard with sticky notes, the class paused to discuss the characteristics of a good research topic. When you are working with new content, start with familiar tools. Thinking about Grandma and where she lived, the family decided to use the following criteria: The family wrote a word or phrase to represent each criterion as column headings in the matrix.
Teachers can incorporate instruction in creative and critical thinking into the curriculum in a number of ways, either singly or in combination. The students prepared a proposal about their choices and were rewarded by winning approval for trips to both the invention center and the symphony concert!
Creativity And Critical Thinking Ppt
I recommend that teachers follow several guidelines. Return to Figure 1Sequencing: SML A group of middle school students decided to plan and conduct a campaign in their school to make students aware of the importance of community service by young people.
Many people use the term brainstorming as a synonym for a general conversation, discussion, or exchange of views. The group decided to take a closer look at one of the ideas: Show a ‘word-of-the-day’ in sign language during the morning TV announcements. They used the ALo U (Advantages, Limitations [and ways to overcome them], and Unique features) tool to improve and strengthen this idea. Advantages Return to Figure 1PCA: Paired Comparison Analysis The PCA tool can be used whenever students have a set of appealing options to rank or prioritize.
It is more accurate, however, to view brainstorming as a specific tool in which a person or a group follows the four guidelines described above to search for many possible responses to an open-ended task or question. One class used the PCA tool to help decide which of several possible field trips they preferred to take, knowing that time and budget limitations might make only one field trip possible for the group that year.
Indeed, increasingly, we don't even know the questions. Thinking with standards: Preparing for the future (Middle ed.). Then, they searched through many stores and catalogs, located examples of modifications and extensions of the basic idea of the telephone, and considered what SCAMPER words and questions might have led to those modifications.
These realities mean that we must empower students to become creative thinkers, critical thinkers, and problem solvers—people who are continually learning and who can apply their new knowledge to complex, novel, open-ended challenges; people who will proceed confidently and competently into the new horizons of life and work. For example, combine might have been used to create a telephone that also had a video screen.