Code Essay Hammurabi

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Hammurabi is the best known and most celebrated of all Mesopotamian kings. As he conquered other city-states and his empire grew, he saw the need to unify the various groups he controlled.These laws were reviewed and some were changed or eliminated before compiling his final list of 282 laws. — approximately 600 years before Hammurabi put together his famous code.Despite what many people believe, this code of laws was not the first. The prologue or introduction to the list of laws is very enlightening.If a tavern-keeper (feminine) does not accept corn according to gross weight in payment of a drink, but takes money, and the price of the drink is less than that of the corn, she shall be convicted and thrown into the water.If a son of a paramour or a prostitute say to his adoptive father or mother: "You are not my father, or my mother," his tongue shall be cut off.This practice follows the Babylonians's belief that their fates were controlled by their gods.From the code, it is evident that the Babylonians did not believe all people were equal.Hammurabi keenly understood that, to achieve this goal, he needed one universal set of laws for all of the diverse peoples he conquered.Therefore, he sent legal experts throughout his kingdom to gather existing laws.A number of the laws refer to jumping in the Euphrates River as a method of demonstrating one's guilt or innocence.If the accused returned to shore safely, they were deemed innocent; if they drowned, they were guilty.


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