Broccoli Research Paper

Broccoli Research Paper-34
Nowadays it is becoming easier to buy processed vegetables, especially broccoli as an ingredient, ready to be used in the market, that meet the consumers’ demand for healthy but fast food.Particularly, broccoli grown in Badajoz is usually processed in freezer industries, but also for fresh market, so the main quality characteristics of the production are different considering the broccoli’s final use.

Nowadays it is becoming easier to buy processed vegetables, especially broccoli as an ingredient, ready to be used in the market, that meet the consumers’ demand for healthy but fast food.Particularly, broccoli grown in Badajoz is usually processed in freezer industries, but also for fresh market, so the main quality characteristics of the production are different considering the broccoli’s final use.The aim of this study was to describe the yield and quality of nine cultivars of broccoli to find the most suitable cultivar to be grown on the “Vegas Bajas” of the Guadiana River.

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Consumers are becoming more aware of the nutritional value of broccoli and other vegetables [4].

For this reason, the demand of broccoli has recently increased.

Results revealed that both first and second principal components explained more than 75% of the variance and grouped data according their cultivar and commercial origin.

Additionally, correlations between the scores of those components and the values of the phenotypic parameters suggested that head weights are main determinants of the phenotypic differences observed among the cultivars whereas the presence of internal leaves and granulometry and head weight appear to be key traits defining nurseries.

Broccoli hybrids have been produced by crossing two pure inbred lines, each self-incompatible, but cross-compatible with another one [9].

Thus, seeds from a particular supplier are produced by crossing their own inbred lines and therefore different varieties should have similar phenotypic characteristics.Over the last years in Extremadura (Spain), the broccoli cultivated area has increased.In 2013 the cultivated area reached 1747 hectares, with a total production of 21617 tons of broccoli heads.The broccoli cultivars were seeded in 294-cell trays (3.75 × 5.75 × 5 cm) on 2009 August 4.Seedlings were grown in greenhouse until the 2–4 leaf stage, under temperature and humidity controlled conditions.Hence, broccoli has become the second most important vegetable grown in Extremadura, after processed tomato [5].A few varieties of broccoli are used in this area and the increasing interest of farmers in this crop makes an agronomic evaluation of a relatively large number of varieties necessary.The broccoli seeds were supplied for free by international seeds companies, as indicated in Table 1.These cultivars are hybrid, produced by crossing two inbred lines, each self-incompatible but cross-compatible with one another [9].Diameter and height of sprouts were complementarily estimated.Principal component analysis was further employed to investigate the relationship between the agronomic variables and the cultivars and nurseries.

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