Basic Form Of A Research Paper

Basic Form Of A Research Paper-41
The Results section is typically fairly straightforward and factual.All results that relate to the research question should be given in detail, including simple counts and percentages.The basic structure of a typical research paper is the sequence of Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion (sometimes abbreviated as IMRAD). The authors state: (i) the problem they intend to address—in other terms, the research question—in the Introduction; (ii) what they did to answer the question in the Methods section; (iii) what they observed in the Results section; and (iv) what they think the results mean in the Discussion.

The Results section is typically fairly straightforward and factual.All results that relate to the research question should be given in detail, including simple counts and percentages.The basic structure of a typical research paper is the sequence of Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion (sometimes abbreviated as IMRAD). The authors state: (i) the problem they intend to address—in other terms, the research question—in the Introduction; (ii) what they did to answer the question in the Methods section; (iii) what they observed in the Results section; and (iv) what they think the results mean in the Discussion.

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Also, references to unpublished work, to documents in the grey literature (technical reports), or to any source that the reader will have difficulty finding or understanding should be avoided.

Having the structure of the paper in place is a good start.

In such cases, authors should define the main research question and design the paper around it.

Generally, only one main research question should be addressed in a paper (secondary but related questions are allowed).

The idea is not to split results into ‘least publishable units’, a practice that is rightly decried, but rather into ‘optimally publishable units’. The key attributes are: (i) specificity; (ii) originality or novelty; and (iii) general relevance to a broad scientific community.

The research question should be precise and not merely identify a general area of inquiry.

In the Introduction, the authors should explain the rationale and background to the study.

What is the research question, and why is it important to ask it?

Resist the temptation to demonstrate analytic ability and the richness of the dataset by providing numerous tables of non-essential results. This is why the Discussion is the most difficult to write, and is often the weakest part of a paper.

Structured Discussion sections have been proposed by some journal editors [4].

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