Athens Compare Contrast Essay Military Sparta Values

If he is ill born and misshapen, they throw him into the pit at the place called Apothetae, below Mt. Some ancient Greeks believed that Spartan men were the first to strip nude at the gym and when competing in sports, noted Dartmouth professor Paul Christesen in a paper published in the book "A Companion to Sport and Spectacle in Greek and Roman Antiquity" (John Wiley & Sons, 2014).Taygetus, as it is better neither for him nor for the city to remain alive, as from the beginning he does not have a good start towards becoming healthy and strong" wrote Plutarch, a Greek writer who lived in the first century A. (translation by Walter Penrose Jr.)Girls, while not trained militarily, were expected to train physically. Spartan women likely did not engage in any public nudity. Thucydides also wrote that the Spartans preferred to dress modestly and that "the richer citizens conducted themselves in a fashion that as much as possible put them into an equal position with the general populace." (translation by Paul Christesen)Spartan poetry also showed a desire for equality among the male Spartans.It refers to a choir girl named "Agido." Alcman was a Spartan poet who lived in the seventh century B. There is such a thing as retribution from the gods.

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Researcher Konstantinos Kopanias notes in a 2009 journal article that, up until the sixth century B. Surviving ivories from the sanctuary of Artemis Orthia at Sparta depict birds, male and female figures and even a "tree of life" or "sacred tree."Poetry was another key early Spartan achievement.

"In reality we have more testimony to poetic activity at Sparta in the seventh century than for any other Greek state, including Athens," writes historian Chester Starr in a chapter of the book "Sparta" (Edinburgh University Press, 2002).

The Spartans trained rigorously and progressed through this training system until the age of 20 when they were allowed to join a communal mess and hence become a full citizen of the community.

Each member of the mess was expected to provide a certain amount of foodstuffs and to keep training rigorously.

"The father does not have the right to raise the offspring, but he must take it to the place called Lesche, where the elders of the same tribe, sitting as judges, closely examine the child.

If he is strong and of sound body, they command that he be raised, and they assign him an allotment of land from the 9,000 plots.But the glorious chorus mistress forbids me to either praise or blame her.For she appears to be outstanding as if one placed among a grazing herd a perfect horse, a prize-winner with resounding hooves, one of the dreams that dwell below the rock..., University of Chicago Press, 2008)A key event on Sparta's road to becoming a more militaristic society was its conquest of the land of Messenia, located to the west of Sparta, and its conversion of its subjects to helots (slaves)."They also learned how to manage horses; they drove carriages in processions and at the Hyacinthia, a festival of Apollo and Hyacinthus, they raced in two-horse chariots."Spartan woman even competed in the Olympic games, at least in the chariot racing competition, according to ancient writers. C., a Spartan princess named Cynisca (also spelled Kyniska) became the first woman to win at the Olympic games. Their power was counter-balanced by the elected board of ephors (who may only serve a single one-year term)."She was exceedingly ambitious to succeed at the Olympic games, and was the first woman to breed horses and the first to win an Olympic victory. There was also a Council of Elders (Gerousia), each member of which was over the age of 60 and could serve for life.uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. In the day time they scattered into obscure and out-of-the-way places, where they hid themselves and lay quiet; but in the night they came down into the highways and killed every Helot whom they caught."(Translation by Bernadotte Perrin via Perseus Digital Library)Spartan poetry written in the seventh century B. Here is a man who proves himself to be valiant in war...(Translation by Richmond Lattimore, from the book "Greek Lyrics," University of Chicago Press, 1960)The presence of large numbers of slaves relieved Spartan men from manual labor and allowed Sparta to build a citizen training system that prepared the city's children for the harshness of war."At seven a Spartan boy was taken from his mother and raised in barracks, beneath the eyes of older boys," writes University of Virginia professor J. Lendon in his book "Soldiers and Ghosts: A History of Battle in Classical Antiquity" (Yale University Press, 2005)."Boys were whipped to inculcate respect () and obedience; they went ill clad to make them tough; and they were starved to make them resistant to hunger ..."If they got too hungry, the boys were encouraged to try stealing (as a way of improving their stealth) but were punished if they got caught.After Cynisca other women, especially women of Lacedaemon, have won Olympic victories, but none of them was more distinguished for their victories than she," wrote the ancient writer Pausanias who lived in the second century A. The general assembly, which consisted of each citizen, also had the chance to vote on legislation.The legendary lawmaker Lycurgus is often credited in ancient sources with providing the groundwork for Spartan law.


Comments Athens Compare Contrast Essay Military Sparta Values

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