Instead, the learning done before bed will not be affected by retroactive interference, and so the studying will actually be effective.
Studying through the night might not work for everyone, but it will benefit the largest number of students.
The first block included 45 multiple-choice questions on languages and literature, another on human sciences (history, geography, philosophy, and sociology), followed by an essay question.
As it is such an important part of the educational lives of millions of Brazilians, the Enem has taken on extra significance in wider society and created a number of cultural quirks.
Though psychology teacher Alice Mc Craley does not recommend studying too late into the night, she does say that going to bed after studying gives the student the ability to better process and absorb the material they just learned.
According to Mc Craley, if one studies in the morning, retroactive interference—when new information and distractions make it difficult to recall material previously learned—may occur, and all the information that was previously memorized or learned will be forgotten.Granted, each person’s sleep schedule and study habits are different, so staying up to finish homework may not fit every specific student.People can be divided into three types: morning larks, those who naturally wake up early and sleep early; night owls, those who naturally sleep in and go to bed late; and regular robins, those who do not sleep very late or very early.Since 1998, the Enem has been used to measure the quality of high-school education in Brazil.In 2009, then-Minister of Education Fernando Haddad (and defeated presidential candidate in October’s elections) implemented a change to the test, making it the principal entrance exam for Brazil’s public and free universities.According to the coordinators, the intervals also serve to help the students relax during what is the most stressful period of many Brazilians’ school lives.“The idea of the Big All-Nighter is to break that pre-Enem tension and leave the kids more relaxed,” said organizer Rosineide Damasceno.In Santarém, Carla attended the “Viradão do Enem”, or the Big Enem All-Nighter, at which students spent a whopping 24 hours revising material for Sunday’s test.With lectures on over a dozen different subjects, the organizers hosted live music events, dance displays, and other entertainment to keep the kids awake.With over 7 million applicants, the Enem is the world’s second-largest higher education admissions exam, only behind China’s Gao Kao.The test takes a total of two days, administered in two blocks of roughly five hours, including 180 questions and an essay-writing section.